Found in the west, south-west and south of France it tends to live at lower altitudes seeking dry, sunny open spaces where the vegetation is sparse; sand dunes, rocky hillsides, old quarries, stone walls, along the edges of open woodland and hedgerows. Lizards are the main source of prey, rarely small mammals; on occasion geckos and young snakes. The young eat insects.
The Coronelle de Bordeaux is a small, round bodied snake 50cm to 80cm, the head is somewhat flat with a pointed front. At the rear of the head are two dark bands in the form of a V the open end of the V facing forwards; there is a black band which runs across the front of the head passing backwards through each eye. The back of the body is a uniform yellowish-grey with irregular transversal darker bands or blotches, the underside is lighter with small dark spots.
Southern smooth snake
Coronelle de Bordeaux
(Syn:Française-Couleuvre bordelaise, coronelle girondine)
Population: in decline