Photos above and left - Early purple orchids in France.

Below - showing Early purple orchid leaves.


Early purple orchid

Orchis mascula

Orchis mâle

Presence in France. See link below.

Height. 20cm -60cm

Leaves. Basal leaves narrow oblong with purple blotches, rarely without blotches, several sheathing leaves in the lower half.

Flowers. Purple, rarely pinkish or white, the lateral sepals spreading upwards, upper sepals and petals  forming a hood.Usually some spots in the whitish middle. 3 lobed.

Flowering period. April - July

Soil type. Calcareous or acid, usually alkaline substrata.Full sun or partial shade.

Protection. Liste des espèces végétales protégées en région Nord-Pas-de-Calais : Article 1